Page Updated:

Presbyopia

Have you found yourself moving books further away or holding your phone at arm’s length in order to read a text? If you are over the age of 40, presbyopia may be to blame. This age-related loss of near vision affects most people some time in their 40’s. Presbyopia is the reason that many people need reading glasses or “cheaters” after a certain age.

As we age, the lens of the eye loses elasticity, which makes it difficult for the eye to refocus on close objects. As a result, it becomes challenging to view up close objects like phones, books, and menus. There are a variety of treatments available that may help restore near vision to reduce or eliminate the need for reading glasses.

What is Presbyopia?

Presbyopia, or age-related near vision loss, is a natural part of the aging process caused by the hardening of the eye’s lens. In younger eyes, the lens is soft and flexible, and it changes shape to allow for up-close and distance focusing. Over time, this lens becomes more rigid and is less able to change shape, making it more difficult to focus on objects up close.1

Symptoms of Presbyopia

Most people begin to notice symptoms of presbyopia in their early- to mid-40s. Symptoms develop gradually as the eye’s lens becomes more rigid, and may include:

  • Holding reading material farther away or at arm’s length
  • Difficulty focusing at normal reading distance
  • Headaches or strained eyes after reading or up-close focusing2

Presbyopia Risk Factors

The main risk factor for developing presbyopia is age: most people begin to lose near-vision clarity in their early- to mid-40s. For some people, however, the symptoms of presbyopia may begin to appear at a younger age. Risk factors for premature presbyopia include:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Anemia
  • Farsightedness
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Certain medications, including diuretics, antihistamines, and antidepressants

Is There a Cure for Presbyopia?

Presbyopia is a natural part of the aging process and is estimated to affect roughly 1.8 billion people worldwide. While there is no cure for presbyopia in the sense that the rigid lens of the eye cannot be made more flexible, there are a wide range of treatment options that can help people with presbyopia see more clearly.3

Presbyopia and Near Vision Treatment Options

There have been many recent advances in treating presbyopia and as a result, we provide a range of options for treating age related vision loss. If you have been frustrated by reading glasses or other traditional solutions for vision correction, we may have an option that can improve your quality of life. Each patient is unique and we take into account your lifestyle and vision correction history to make personalized recommendations.

PML LASIK

Progressive, multi-focal (PML) LASIK is an option for people who have reading glasses or need glasses or contacts. Vision is improved with a laser that can give increased vision at any distance.

LenSx Femtosecond Laser

The LenSx® Femtosecond Laser is used in both treating presbyopia and correcting cataracts. We are proud to offer this laser as it is only available in a handful of vision care practices nationwide and provides excellent and precise results.

Advanced Technology Lens Implants (IOLS)

We provide several different types of intraocular lens implants (IOLS) which are placed inside the eye to restore the ability to focus to all distances. Through a consultation, our doctors will be able to recommend the best lens for your eyes.

Refractive Lens Exchange

Refractive Lens Exchange (RLE) is a great option for people who are not candidates for other vision correction procedures such as LASIK or PRK. RLE replaces the natural lens with an artificial lens and can be used to improve near and far vision. As a result of RLE, patients will not develop cataracts.

Monovision LASIK

Monovision LASIK is a laser procedure that corrects one eye for far distance vision and the other for near distance vision. The laser reshapes the corneal surface of both eyes in a short procedure with a quick recovery. The brain combines both distances of vision in either eye to create a single comprehensive range of all distances.

Corrective Lenses

Over-the-counter reading glasses are often the first near vision solution people turn to in order to see fine print more clearly. However, many people become frustrated with constantly taking glasses on and off and others do not like how they look in reading glasses.

See What Our Doctors Say About Presbyopia Treatment Options

Can Presbyopia be Treated with LASIK?

Traditional LASIK is an excellent treatment for patients who have hyperopia (farsightedness), astigmatism or myopia (nearsightedness), but may not be the best treatment for presbyopia. In most cases, people who have presbyopia need both near and far vision correction, and LASIK only corrects for vision at one distance. For certain patients, however, Monovision LASIK or PML LASIK may help them achieve better vision with presbyopia. We invite you to read this blog to learn more about LASIK as treatment for presbyopia. For even more information, please schedule a consultation with our ophthalmologists in San Diego.

Who is a Candidate for Presbyopia Treatment?

Age related near vision loss tends to affect people beginning in their 40’s to 50’s. Anyone who needs reading glasses for daily tasks such as reading phone screens, books, fine print or close up objects may be a candidate for treatment options to help regain near vision. A consultation with one of our doctors will determine which options may be available to you.

Contact Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute

Are you ready to simplify your life and reduce or eliminate the need for reading glasses? Schedule a consultation to see if you are a candidate for near vision treatment options at Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute in San Diego. Call us at (858) 455-6800 or click here to email us.
 
 
1 American Academy of Ophthalmology. What is presbyopia? Available: https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/what-is-presbyopia. Accessed December 15, 2020.
2 Mayo Clinic. Presbyopia symptoms & causes. Available: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/presbyopia/symptoms-causes/syc-20363328. Accessed December 15, 2020.
3 Fricke TR, Tahhan N, Resnikoff S, et al. Global Prevalence of Presbyopia and Vision Impairment from Uncorrected Presbyopia: Systematic Review, Meta-analysis, and Modelling. Ophthalmology. 2018;125(10):1492-1499. doi:10.1016/j.ophtha.2018.04.013. Available: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29753495/. Accessed December 15, 2020.

Latest News

close up eye

LASIK Eye Surgery Safety and Success Rates

When patients at Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute are considering LASIK, often their first question is “How safe is it?” The second is, “How likely is it to improve my vision?” In other words, how successful is the procedure? We love to answer these questions because a well-informed patient is […]

Continue Reading

First Vision Practice in San Diego to Offer the Light Adjustable Lens

At Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute, we are committed to bringing the latest vision care innovations and most advanced treatment options to our patients. We are excited to announce that we are the first practice in San Diego to offer the RxSight® Light Adjustable Lens™. This revolutionary intraocular lens (IOL) […]

Continue Reading

Coronavirus: A Note to Our Patients

Dear Valued Patient, As the Coronavirus (COVID-19) has become an evolving public health issue affecting people at home and around the globe, the team at Gordon Schanzlin New Vision Institute want to stress that your health, safety and well-being are of the utmost importance to us. We would like to […]

Continue Reading